Chemotherapy is a treatment that various medicines to kill cancer. It can be taken orally or injected. Chemotherapy is often combined with other treatments, such as surgery or radiation therapy. It’s one of the best cancer treatments but can lead to problematic results.
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer, you may wonder how to prepare for chemotherapy. While every situation is unique, there are some general things you can do to get ready for treatment.
Purpose of Chemotherapy
The first thing you need to do is understand the purpose of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. It can be used to cure cancer, control cancer, or relieve symptoms caused by cancer. Depending on your situation, your doctor may recommend chemotherapy as a first-line treatment, or they may recommend it after other treatments, such as surgery or radiation therapy.
Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy can cause various side effects, including hair loss, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and risk of infection. In addition, not many people know that chemotherapy can lead to tooth loss. These side effects can be problematic if not managed properly. Here are ways you can prepare for these side effects.
Talk to Your Doctor
Before anything else, you should talk to your doctor about your specific treatment plan and the potential side effects you may experience. Your doctor can guide how to manage these side effects and address any concerns or questions you may have. In addition, your doctor may prescribe medication to help with chemotherapy side effects.
As stated earlier, tooth loss is a common side-effect of chemotherapy. Therefore, it’s good to visit your local dental clinic beforehand if you have any dental issues that need to be addressed, such as cavities or gum disease. Your dentist can also give tips on maintaining good oral health during chemotherapy treatment.
Proper Sleep Routine
You should also start practicing a proper sleep routine. Here are some things you’ll need that’ll help you get into your routine:
- Time: You must sleep and wake up simultaneously every day, even on the weekends.
- Environment: Make sure your bedroom is a comfortable environment for sleeping. Keep it cool and dark, without any loud noises or bright lights.
- Avoid Substances: Avoid consuming caffeine and alcohol before bed.
- Physical Activity: Exercise can also help with sleep, but avoid strenuous activity at least 4 hours before bedtime.
There are a few lifestyle changes you should make before starting chemotherapy. Here are the essential changes you need to make:
Diet and Nutrition
It’s crucial to maintain a healthy diet during chemotherapy treatment. Your doctor or a nutritionist can give you specific guidelines for your individual needs. However, you should focus on natural foods and avoid processed foods. Your diet should also include plenty of fruits and vegetables to support your immune system.
If you smoke, it’s essential to quit before starting chemotherapy treatment. Cigarette smoking can worsen the side effects of chemotherapy and lower your likelihood of successful treatment.
It’s essential to drink plenty of water during chemotherapy treatment. Staying hydrated can help with common side effects, such as nausea and mouth sores. Your doctor may also recommend drinking 8 ounces of water before each chemo session to prevent dehydration.
Mentally Prepare Yourself
Lastly, you should also mentally prepare yourself. Chemotherapy often comes with various mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and stress. Here are multiple ways you can help deal with that:
You should look for a support group of fellow cancer patients or a therapist who can help guide you through this difficult time. Having people to talk to and share your experiences with is essential.
In addition to a support group, talking therapy with a trained therapist can provide valuable tools for coping with the emotional challenges of chemotherapy treatment.
Some cancer patients may also benefit from alternative therapies, such as yoga or meditation, which can help with stress and anxiety. Talk to your doctor about potential options and how they may fit your schedule.
Practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, can also help with mental preparation for chemotherapy treatment.
Lastly, try to maintain a positive attitude throughout treatment. This may not be easy at times, but having a hopeful outlook can help your emotional well-being and success in treatment.
Preparing for chemotherapy can seem daunting, but it’s important to remember that you’re not alone. Your healthcare team will be with you every step of the way to answer any questions you have and help you manage side effects. By understanding the purpose of chemotherapy and learning about the potential side effects, you can enter treatment feeling confident and prepared.